About Nepal

Location : Southern Asia, between China and India
Geographic coordinates: 28° N, 84° E
Map references: Asia
Area: Total : 147,181 Sq Km
Land : 143,181 Sq Km
Water: 4,000 Sq Km
Area comparative: Slightly larger than Arkansas
Land boundaries: Total : 2,929 km border countries: China 1,236 km , India 1,690 km
Coastline: 0 km (land locked)
Maritime claims : None (land locked)
Climate: Varies from cooI summers and severe winters in north to subtropical
summers and mild winters in south
Terrain: Terai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south , central hill region,
rugged Himalayas in north
Elevation extremes: Lowest point: Kechana Kalan 70 m high est point: Mount Everest
8,850 m
Natural resources: Ouartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of
lignite,copper,cobalt ,iron ore
Land use: Arable land : 21.68%, permanent crops : 0.64%, other: 77.68% (2001)
lrrigated land: 11,350 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards: Severe thunderstorms, flooding , landslides, drought , and famine
depending on the timing , intensity, and duration of the summer
Environment : Deforestation (overuse of wood for fuel and lack of alternatives)
Current issues: Contaminated water (with human and animal wastes, agricultural
runoff and industrial effluents); wildlife conservation; vehicular
Environment-party to: Bio-diversity, Climate Change, Desertification , Endangered Species,
Hazardous Wastes, Law of the sea, Ozone Layer Protection .
International agreements: Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands signed , but not
ratified: Marine Life Conservation .
Geography Note: Land locked; strategic location between China and India; contains
eight of world’s 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest (the
world’s tallest) on the border with China